Barbados is a small island, resembling a pear. It lies in the chain of the Lesser Antilles, 2585 km to the south-east of Florida, and 860 km to the north-east of the coast of Venezuela. Its east coast is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, and the west one by the Caribbean Sea. Barbados shares its borders with the islands of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in the west, with the islands of St. Lucia and Martinique in the north-west, and with Grenada and Trinidad and Tobago in the south-west.

Barbados is a rather small island, just 33 km long and 22 km wide. More than 80% of its territory is a coral massif covered with a thin layer of dark and red fertile loams. The relief of the island is relatively flat, but in the central part rises a hilly area called Scotland Districts with the highest point of the country - the Mount Hillaby (336 m). This area continues by a string of rolling hills to the north-east coast. The West Coast is occupied by extensive beaches with white sand, while the Atlantic east coast framed by small cliffs forms a fairly indented coastline. Coral reefs surround the bulk of the island’s coast. Local nature is characterized by the abundance of caves and karstic formations. There are a large number of nature reserves on the island, where in the wilderness unique species of tropical plants and animals are preserved.